Suffolk County Commissioner of
Health Services Dr. James Tomarken today reported the confirmation of two new
cases of West Nile virus in Suffolk County.
One individual, who is over 55 years of age and a resident of the Town
of Southold, was hospitalized in September with symptoms consistent with West
Nile virus and is currently recovering at home. The other individual confirmed
to have had West Nile virus is also over the age of 55 and a resident of the
Town of Huntington. The patient was hospitalized in September and has since
Suffolk County has reported seven
cases of West Nile virus to date this season. The five previously reported cases were from
the towns of Islip, Huntington, Smithtown, Brookhaven, and Babylon.
West Nile virus is transmitted to
humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. It is estimated that 20 percent of
those who become infected will develop clinically noticeable symptoms of West
Nile virus disease. Mild symptoms may include fever, headache and body aches,
skin rash and swollen lymph glands. More severe symptoms include high fever,
headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions,
muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness and paralysis. West Nile virus
can be fatal. Residents who experience symptoms are
advised to visit their healthcare providers.
While there is no specific treatment for West Nile virus, patients are
treated with supportive therapy as needed.
Individuals who are most at risk
for severe infection include those over 55 years of age and those with chronic
illness or compromised immune systems. These individuals are urged to take
precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes during mosquito season, which
extends from June 1 through November 1.
Among the recommendations: use
insect repellent containing DEET*, spray clothing with repellent containing
permethrin, avoid going outside from dusk to dawn when most mosquitoes are
active, wear long sleeves and long pants when nighttime activity is unavoidable,
eliminate standing water from flowerpots, clogged gutters, recycle bins,
birdbaths, toys, swimming pool and hot tub covers.
The number of human cases of
West Nile virus varies each year. Suffolk County reported seven human cases in
2017, five human cases in both 2015 and 2016, one in 2014, and four in both
2011 and 2013. Comparatively, the county reported 14 human cases in 2012 and 25
in 2010, the year in which the virus claimed three lives.
“There is no discernible trend,”
said Dr. Tomarken. “We know only about the cases in which the patient sought
treatment and we received laboratory confirmation of West Nile virus. There may
be many more residents who acquired West Nile virus, but we never learned about
them because they didn’t seek medical attention or they sought attention but
lab tests weren’t ordered.”
Individuals who have medical
questions related to West Nile virus may call the Suffolk County Department of
Health Services’ Division of Public Health: 631-854-0333.
To report mosquito problems or
stagnant pools of water, call the Department of Public Works’ Vector Control
Division at 631-852-4270.
*Follow label instructions. Consult healthcare provider
before using insect repellent on young children.